General elections 1890-1993

General elections 1890-1993 - seats won by party

Election

Major parties[1]

Other parties and independents

 

seats

% of votes

seats

% of votes

seats

% of votes

seats[2]

% of votes

1890

Liberal[3]

38

56.2

'Conservative'[4]

25

28.9

 

 

independents 7,
others 4

15.0

1893

51

57.8

13

24.5

 

 

independents 6,
others 4

17.7

1896

39

46.0

25

37.4

 

 

independents 6,
others 4

16.6

1899

49

52.7

19

36.6

 

 

independents 2,
others 4

10.7

1902

47

51.8

19

20.6

 

 

independents 10,
others 4

27.7

1905

58

53.1

16

29.7

 

 

independents 6,
others 0

17.2

1908

50

58.7

26

27.8

'Labour'[5]

1

4.1

independents 3,
others 0

9.4

1911

33

40.7

Reform Party

37

34.6

4

8.5

independents 6,
others 0

16.2

1914

33

43.1

41

46.9

6

9.3

independents 0,
others 0

0.8

1919

21

28.2

47

36.0

Labour Party

8

23.8

independents 4,
others 0

12.1

1922

22

26.3

37

39.4

17

23.7

independents 4,
others 0

10.7

1925

11

20.4

55

46.5

12

27.3

independents 2,
others 0

5.9

1928

United Party

27

29.8

27

34.8

19

26.2

Country Party 1, independents 6,
others 0

9.2

1931

 

 

United-Reform Coalition

51

55.4

24

34.3

Country Party 1

independents 4,
others 0

2.3

8.0

1935

 

 

United-Reform ('National')


19

32.9

53

+Ratana

2[6]

46.1

 

1.0

Country Party 2

Democrat Party 0

independents 4,
others 0

2.5

7.8

9.7

1938

 

 

National Party

25

40.3

53

55.8

independents 2,
others 0

3.9

1943

 

 

34

42.8

45

47.6

Democratic Labour 0

independents 1,
others 0

4.3

5.4

1946

 

 

38

48.4

42

51.3

others 0

0.3

1949

 

 

46

51.9

34

47.2

others 0

1.0

1951

 

 

50

54.0

30

45.8

others 0

0.2

1954

 

 

45

44.3

35

44.1

Social Credit 0

others 0

11.1

0.5

1957

 

 

39

44.2

41

48.3

Social Credit 0

others 0

7.2

0.3

1960

 

 

46

47.6

34

43.4

Social Credit 0

others 0

8.6

0.4

1963

 

 

45

47.1

35

43.7

Social Credit 0

others 0

7.9

1.3

1966

 

 

44

43.6

35

41.4

Social Credit 1

others 0

14.5

0.4

1969

 

 

45

45.2

39

44.2

Social Credit 0

others 0

9.1

1.5

1972

 

 

32

41.5

55

48.4

Social Credit 0

Values 0

others 0

6.7

2.0

1.6

1975

 

 

55

47.6

32

39.6

Social Credit 0

Values 0

others 0

7.4

5.2

0.2

1978

 

 

51

39.8

40

40.4

Social Credit 1

Values 0

others 0

16.1

2.4

1.3

1981

 

 

47

38.8

43

39.0

Social Credit 2

Values 0

others 0

20.7

0.2

1.4

1984

 

 

37

35.9

56

43.0

Social Credit 2

NZ Party 0

Values 0

others 0

7.6

12.3

0.2

1.0

1987

 

 

40

44.0

57

48.0

Democrats[7] 0

NZ Party 0

Values 0

Mana Motuhake 0

others 0

5.7

0.3

0.1

0.5

1.4

1990

 

 

67

47.8

29

35.1

Democrats 0

Mana Motuhake 0

Greens 0

NewLabour 1

others 0

1.7

0.6

6.8

5.2

2.8

1993

 

 

50

35.1

45

34.7

Alliance[8] 2

NZ First 2

others 0

18.2

8.4

3.7

[1] Party allegiances and labels were relatively fluid until the late 1930s, and the figures for 1890-1935 are approximations only. Party allegiances were not included in official election returns until 1957.

[2] the allegiances of the MPs representing the four Maori electorates from 1890 to 1902 are difficult to determine. these MPs are listed as 'others' in this column until 1902, but are included in the party figures from 1905.

[3] the Liberal 'Party' was loosely organised (especially at the national level) until at least 1899, and subsequently fragmented in the 1920s. Some members contested the 1922 election as Liberal-Labour, and the 1925 election as National, while others still called themselves Liberals. these factions, joined by some Reform supporters, combined to fight the 1928 election as the United Party.

[4] the label the Liberals applied to their opponents, some of whom described themselves as 'Reform' before the formation of the Reform Party as an organised national party in 1909.

[5] Seats and votes from 1908 to 1914 are approximate. Prior to the establishment of the second New Zealand Labour Party in 1916, various 'labour' candidates stood for the Socialist Party (first formed in 1901-2), the Independent Political Labour League (established in 1905), local Labour Representation Committees, the first New Zealand Labour Party (1910-12), the United Labour Party (1912-14), the Social Democratic Party (1913-16), or as 'independent labour'.

[6] the Ratana MPs formally joined Labour's caucus in 1936.

[7] Name changed from Social Credit.

[8] A coalition of the NewLabour, Democrat, Green and Mana Motuhake parties.

 

Last updated: 09 September 2013