This page provides lists and links to current laws and regulations relevant to parliamentary and local authority elections, and other electoral matters (such as school Board of Trustee elections).
- Broadcasting Act 1989 - Part 6 sets out the law covering election advertising on radio and television by parties and electorate candidates, the allocation of funds and time to political parties for this purpose by the Electoral Commission, and the requirements for broadcasters to supply returns of election advertising. It also makes the Broadcasting Standards Authority responsible for hearing complaints about election advertising (as well as its usual role in respect of other programming), and provides that all election related complaints may be made direct to it.
- Constitution Act 1986 - Part 3 establishes the House of Representatives, sets the maximum term of Parliament and the maximum time before Parliament must meet following an election. The Act establishes New Zealand’s constitutional framework of the Head of State, the Executive, the Legislature, and protects High Court judges from political interference. Inquiries about its administration should be made to the relevant institution(s).
- Electoral Act 1993 - Establishes the electoral agencies, electoral system, election processes (including that for disputing results), how MPs are replaced between elections, registration processes for political parties and logos, enrolment and electoral roll requirements, and provides for the Māori Electoral option. See also:
- Electoral Referendum Act 1993 - Sets out the requirements for the binding referendum which saw MMP adopted as the electoral system.
- Citizens Initiated Referenda Act 1993 - Sets out the requirements for approval of wording for a question to be put to referendum, the conduct of a petition calling for a non-binding referendum, and the mechanisms for holding a referendum once the criteria is met. The Act is administered by the Clerk of the House of Representatives and the Ministry of Justice.
- Referenda (Postal Voting) Act 2000 - Sets out mechanisms for conducting a citizens' or government initiated referendum by post.
- Electoral Referendum Act 2010 - Made provision for an indicative referendum to be held in conjunction with the 2011 General Election on the preferred system of voting.
Local, district health board, and school elections
- Education Act 1989 – Part 9 establishes Boards of Trustees of State Schools and the framework for elections, the detail for this is set out in Education (School Trustee Elections) Regulations 2000 (SR 2000/195). The Ministry of Education is the administering government department.
- Local Electoral Act 2001- Sets out the requirements for local elections and polls, including the Single Transferable Vote system used for District Health Board and some council elections. Detail is prescribed in the Local Electoral Regulations 2001 (SR 2001/145). Note that the central electoral agencies are not involved in these, except for the provision of electoral rolls. The Act is administered by the Department of Internal Affairs, the Local Government Commission, and councils (and their appointed electoral officers).
- New Zealand Public Health and Disability Act 2000 – Schedule 2 sets the framework for the election of District Health Boards. Note that the central electoral agencies are not involved in these, except for the provision of electoral rolls. The Act is administered by the Ministry of Health.